We want to use Creative Commons licences, but can we publish everything the U·Geo project produces under CC?
Things may be more complex than they seem at first hand.
In this project we mainly worked around ‘metadata’, in particular the metadata that the UK Data Archive holds about its archived data collections, rather than the datasets themselves that are held by the UK Data Archive.
We worked around improving those metadata from a geo point of view: to improve resource discovery for users keen to use the data collections in geo applications, to make it easier for users to be able to link survey data with boundarioes, and to harmonise metadata in line with the INSPIRE directive.
So we created some databases (or tables) of metadata.
1. A first one is the table that maps the UK Data Archive’s metadata elements to INSPIRE and Gemini2.1 metadata specifications and to DDI metadata elements.
We are publishing this table under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK licence (CC BY-NC-SA-UK), but we obviously do not own the underlying metadata elements, only the mapping.
Copyright / licenses of constituting metadata are acknowledged as follows in the table:
– UK Data Archive catalogue metadata are copyright of the University of Essex
– DDI 3.0 metadata schema is licensed under a GNU Lesser General Public Licence (this allows redistribution and/or modification); DDI Alliance licence all their other documents under Creative Commons licenses.
– Gemini 2.1 metadata copyright is held by AGI
– INSPIRE metadata are ‘Public right’
2.Then we have the database that underpins the GeoBrowser we are developing. This contains metadata on datasets the Archive holds and the spatial units those datasets contain, as well as a structured list of spatial unit definitions.
Who owns these metadata? Much of the information has been gathered from the ESDS data catalogue and then polished and standardised (this feeds back into the catalogue). The ESDS catalogue metadata are partially provided by the individuals and organisations depositing data, partially created by the UK Data Archive. All these metadata are in the public domain, via the ESDS data catalogue. They are considered copyright of the University of Essex, but strictly speaking, hundreds of data depositors have partial copyright. The spatial unit definitions may be (partially) owned by a defining organisation such as ONS. Then user descriptions were added by the U.Geo project.
3. The code for the GeoBrowser is based on SOLR and Umbraco (the Archive website content management system). Once we have a workable GeoBrowser the code will be placed in the code reposoity https://github.com/daidp/uGeo, under a Creative Commons licence.
4. So what about the research data then, that these metadata are about? How are they licensed and who owns them? Whilst for the U·Geo project we have not used the archived datasets. But it is important for researchers who are keen to access and use the data to understand the ownership and licensing.
Data collections archived and distributed by the UK Data Archive are owned by the individuals or organisations that deposited them with the Archive. The Archive does not own them, but has the right to preserve and distribute them. A Licence Agreement signed by the depositor specifies the rights and responsibilities of the depositor and the Archive and authorises the UK Data Archive to preserve and distribute the data collection (under terms and conditions specified) and for specified use purposes. This Licence Agreement is available: http://www.esds.ac.uk/aandp/create/licence.asp.
The datasets are then distributed under a ‘End use licence’ that users need to agree to before they can download data. This licence gives users the right to use the data according to the specified use conditions, such as an agreement to inform the UK Data Achive/ESDS of any publications; to cite the data correctly; not to share data with anyone who is not authorised to access them; not to use the data for commercial purposes, except with permission; and not to try to use the data to identify individuals, households or organisations. This End Use Licence is available at: http://www.esds.ac.uk/aandp/access/licence.asp.